Climate of India

IndiaGeographical position

The main area of the area of India ( *Click here) is in the sub equatorial region. The primary feature of this area is tropical monsoons. Summer monsoon from the Indian Ocean brings down pours to India. They heighten at the begining of June on the western coastline and in mid-June on the eastern coastline. Whenever passing over the Arabian Sea and also the Bay of Bengal, the monsoons are saturating with moisture and move around in a northwest direction.



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Monsoon period

Rising above the Western Ghats and Assam Mountains, monsoons move at a speed of 5-7 m/s, leading to heavy rain. Thunder or wind storms fall on the slopes of the mountains in June. But later they calm down, and through the period from late September to mid-October rain falls generally, stop. From November to March, the dry northeastern monsoon blows from the land side. It makes the climate chilly and sunny.


Weather seasons

According to data on thermal conditions, precipitation, and winds, we can divide the calendar year in 3 main weather seasons.

In November – February, once the northeastern monsoon dominates, it is cold and sunshiny. In March, the temperature little by little increases.The dry period can last from the end of March to June. At the end of June, the humidity goes up. And the weather of Indian plains becomes rainy.The time from July to mid-September is the summer monsoon period. This is a moment of wet tropical weather. The south-westerly winds blend with high temperatures.October is a transitional period. The air humidity is high due to evaporation from the surface of the fields. Nevertheless the rains stop.


Contrast climate

There are actually differences in temperature as well as weather in various areas of India. The country covers a big region, and every area has another terrain. Therefore, in the Thardesert, the annual precipitation doesn’t exceed 100 mm. And at Cherapun jistation in the Khashi Mountains, it is up to 10 770 mm of rainfall each year. It is one of the wettest locations on Earth.

The monsoon climate is attribute of the coast of the Arabian Sea. The very coldest period is from December to February. At the same time, there is fewer rain. The hottest time is from May to June. However even great heat are tolerated very easily since air is dry, relative humidity, even in the morning, does not exceed 60%. Winds boost clouds of dust and also change the horizon a dirty yellow.

The start the monsoon in June starts off with the increased wind and cloud cover. The period can last until September. Throughout most days of the month, it rains regularly and lightly. The month to month rainfall in the wettest month – July exceeds 600 mm. Cloudy weather decreases the temperature by 3-5 degrees.


Himalayan climate

In the mountains of the Himalayas, the climate depends on the height above sea level. Soat altitudes through 1500 to 2300 meters, from December to February, the average minimal temp is from 0 to -3C (25 to 32F), and also the average maximum heat is +4 to +8C (40 to 45F).
The hottest time of the year continues from June to August: the average minimum temperatureis +14 to +18C (55 to 65F), the general maximum temperatureis +29 to +30C (84 to 86F). Summer time monsoon doesn’t appear here. The smallest amount of rainfall is from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the highest in March (about 100 mm). As you will see, the climate of India differs a lot depending on the region, its distance from the Ocean, and its altitude. We can not compare Himalayan climate to other portions of India. These hills are really high and have a unique weather.

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